UKC breed American pit bull terrier and breed characterization
ABOUTUKC official pit bull terrier revised October 21, 2004
Around the middle of the 19th century, dog lovers in England, Ireland and Scotland began experimenting with crosses between bulldogs and terriers, trying to get the type of dog that would combine the terrier's gameplay with the strength and athleticism of the bulldog. As a result, a dog was bred, which embodied all the qualities necessary for a super-fighter: strength, indomitable courage, and, at the same time, gentleness and delicacy in relation to those whom he loves. These dogs, obtained by crossing bulldogs and terriers, were brought by immigrants to the United States.
The many talents of the pit bull terriers did not go unnoticed and were appreciated by farmers and ranchers who used APBT as protective dogs, as hunting dogs for catching half-horned cattle and pigs, for hunting, transporting goods and as a companion for the family. Today, American pit bulls continue to demonstrate their versatility, achieving success in obedience, search, agility, defense, white pulling, and exterior rings.
On the picture:American Pit Bull Terrier
UKC was the first organization to recognize and register APBT. UKC founder Bennett assigned registration number 1 to his own APBT Bennetts Ring in 1898.
APBT- a dog of medium size, strong build, short-haired, with smoothly defined, well-muscled muscles. This breed is characterized by power and athleticism. The body is only slightly longer than the height at the withers, but bitches can be slightly longer in body than the males. The length of the forelimbs, measured from the elbow joint to the floor, is approximately equal to half the height at the withers. The head is of medium length with a wide flat skull and a wide deep muzzle.
Ear size - from small to medium, ears set high, can be uncropped or cropped. A relatively short tail is set on low, thick at the base, tapering to the tip.
Color American Pit Bull Terrier can be all anything (except merle).
This breed combines strength and athleticism with grace and mobility, and should never look overweight, with poor muscles, thin-boned, excessively lightweight.
Characteristics of the American Pit Bull Terrier
The main features characterizing APBT are strength, confidence, interest in life. Dogs of this breed seek to please and are overwhelmed with enthusiasm.
American Pit Bull Terriers - Great Companion Dogs for the family, their love for children was always noted. Due to a certain level of aggression towards dogs inherent in the majority of APBTs and because of their physical strength, a pit bull needs an owner who will carefully socialize and take an obedience course with a dog.
Owing to their natural dexterity, they are one of the most capable dogs for climbing and climbing, so a good fence is a prerequisite for keeping this breed in a private house.
Pit bull terrier- not the best choice as a guard dog because of the extremely pronounced friendliness, even towards outsiders. Aggression towards humans is not characteristic of the breed and is highly undesirable. This breed is well trained in various tricks, because possesses high intelligence and a desire to work.
Pit bull always possessed opportunities for a wide range of different services, so the overdevelopment of individual features or the deficiencies of the exterior should lead to a decrease in the assessment in proportion to the degree of their influence on the versatility of the dog.
Pit bull head unique and is a key element of the breed type.It is large and wide, giving a feeling of great strength, but it is not disproportionate to the body of the dog. Seen from the front, the shape of the head resembles a wide blunt wedge.
When viewed in profile, the top line of the skull and muzzle are parallel to each other and are connected by a clearly visible, moderately deep foot. Supraorbital or superciliary arches well developed, but not protruding. A clear-cut head expresses strength, elegance and character.
Cranial part. The skull is large, flat or slightly rounded, deep, wide between the ears. When viewed from above, the skull narrows slightly towards the foot.
A groove runs in the middle, which decreases in depth in the direction from the stop to the back of the head. Cheeks with prominent muscles, but free from wrinkles. When the dog is concentrated on something on the forehead, wrinkles are formed that give the pit bull its characteristic expression.
The muzzle is wide and deep, tapering from the stop to the nose, at the junction of the muzzle with the skull under the eyes, a slight retraction. The length of the muzzle is shorter than the skull, the ratio of length is approximately 2: 3. The upper line of the muzzle is straight, the lower jaw is well developed, wide and deep. The lips are clean and tight.
: Narrow muzzle, moist lips (darted), weak lower jaw.
APBT has a complete set of smooth, white teeth. Scissor bite.
: overshot or overshot mouth, jaw distorted, dentition (not applicable to cases of tooth loss or removal by a veterinarian).
The nose is large, with wide, open nostrils. Pigmentation of the nose can be of various options.
Eyes of medium size, shape from round to almond-shaped, widely spaced and low on the skull. All colors are acceptable except for blue, which is vicious. Mucous (conjunctiva) should not be visible.
: bulging eyes, oddities (not matching eye color), blue eyes.
Ears are highly planted and can be either uncropped or cropped (without any preference). For uncropped ears, it is preferable to either semi-erect, rose-shaped, erect and hanging wide ears undesirable.
The neck is medium muscular. In the area, the scruff has a slight bend. From the junction with the nape of the neck, the neck gradually expands and passes into well-laid back shoulders. The skin on the neck is tight-fitting, without suspension.
: too short and thick neck, thin or weak neck, sheep’s neck, suspension.
The shoulder blades are long, wide, muscular, well laid back. The shoulder is approximately equal in length to the shoulder blade and is connected to it at right angles.
Forelegs strong and muscular, elbows adjacent to the body. When viewed from the front, the forelimbs are perpendicular to the surface and are located at a moderately wide distance from each other. The metacarpus is short, powerful, straight, flexible in the joints. When viewed in profile - almost vertical.
: Straight or loaded shoulders, elbows turned outward or inward, weak metacarpus, curved forelimbs, twisted wrists, clubfoot or ruff.
The chest is deep, well-filled, moderately broad, containing the heart and lungs, but the width of the chest should never exceed its depth. The front surface of the chest does not protrude too far from the point of the shoulder (shoulder joint).
The ribs are well stretched back, well bent in the area of departure from the spine, then become more flat, forming a deep chest reaching the elbows. The back is strong, strong. The top line goes slightly down the sloping from the withers to the broad muscular, flat back. The loin is short, muscular, slightly curved to the upper point of the croup, while it is narrower than the rib cage and slightly raised. The croup is slightly sloping.
The hind limbs are strong, muscular, quite widely set.The thigh is well filled on each side of the tail and deep from the pelvis to the perineum.
The bony muscular system and the angles of the hind limbs are balanced with respect to the forelimbs. The hips are well developed with powerful, sculptured muscles. When viewed from the side, the hock joints are with well-defined angles, the metatarsals are well laid back and perpendicular to the surface. When viewed from behind, the metatarsus is straight and parallel to each other.
: Narrow set of hind limbs, poor filling of the area from the pelvis to the hock, underdeveloped muscles, lack of an angle or an excessively pronounced angle of the knee joint, cow, sickle-shaped hock joints, curved ZK (barrel-shaped set).
Paws are round, proportional to the size of the dog, with well-arched toes, assembled. Pillows are dense, hard, elastic.
The claw of the extra (fifth) finger can be removed.
: Loose paw.
The tail is positioned in such a way that it is a natural extension of the topline, tapering towards the tip. When the dog is in a calm, relaxed state, it keeps its tail low, while it reaches approximately to the hock joints. When the dog moves, it usually holds its tail at back level. When excited, the tail can be lifted up, pulled up. But it should never be crocheted over the back (funny tail).
Disadvantages: a long tail (the tip of the tail extends beyond the hock joints).
Defects: Cheerful tail (not to be confused with a tail lifted when excited), kink of the tail.
The coat is shiny and smooth, dense, moderately hard to the touch.
Disadvantages: Curly, wavy, sparse coat.
Any color, hue or combination of colors is acceptable except Merle.
American Pit Bull Terrier Height and Weight
The American pit bull must be powerful and agile at the same time, so exact matching with weight and height figures is less important than the correct proportions of weight and height. The preferred weight for an adult male in good condition is between 35 and 60 pounds (15.9 kg to 27.2 kg), the preferred weight of an adult female in good condition is between 30 and 50 pounds (13.6 kg to 22, 7 kg).
Dogs slightly above this weight should not be penalized for this. Except for disproportionate massiveness or lightness.
The pit bull terrier moves briskly, cheerfully, with a confident posture, with all its appearance expressing its readiness at any moment to see something new and exciting.
On trot, effortless movements, smooth, full of strength, well-coordinated, showing a good swing of the front limbs and a good push of the hind. When moving, the top line remains flat, slightly bending, demonstrating elasticity and flexibility.
- Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchidism.
- Viciousness or extreme shyness.
- Unilateral or complete deafness.
- Short tail.
- Color merle.
Although a certain level of aggressiveness towards their own kind is characteristic of this breed, handlers at UKC events should be prepared to pass the temperament test (at the request of an expert) in accordance with the UKC policy.