The origin and history of the breed English Cocker Spaniel
It is believed that the spaniels arrived in Europe from the Middle East in the company of the crusaders following the emergence of interest in falconry. In particular, in the documents of South Wales, mention of spaniels is found in the 10th century.
In the photo: English Cocker Spaniel
Of all the varieties of spaniels, cocker spaniels are most famous. They were called "Cockers" in connection with the profession: cock, or woodcock - is a "woodcock" translated from English.
At the end of the 19th century, the British formed their own type of cocker spaniel, which later became the English cocker spaniel. UK breeders preferred taller dogs with a stronger and longer neck - this is important for aortirovany birds. At first, the English Cocker Spaniels were only black, but then other colors appeared.
In 1893, English Cocker Spaniels were recognized as a separate breed. And in 1901 they adopted the standard, which has remained almost unchanged to this day. A year later, an English Cocker Spaniel club was founded in England.
The English Cocker Spaniels were bred in Blenheim Castle, where the Dukes of Marlborough lived. It was thanks to them that white spaniels appeared with chestnut-red spots. This color was called "Blenheim."
Currently, the English Cocker Spaniels are not only hunters, but also good athletes and popular companions.